Fr. Richard Cirera SJ of Manila Observatory and Ebro Observatory: solar activity and terrestrial magnetism

Here is an excerpt from the article by Fr. Miguel Selga, SJ, ” The Ebro Observatory,” Astronomical Society of the Pacific Vol. 27, No. 157, p.21-27 (1915):

The founder and present director of the Ebro Observatory is Rev. Richard Cirera, S.J.  While in charge of the magnetic department of the Manila Observatory, Manila, P. I., the advisability of obtaining simultaneous observations of solar activity and terrestrial magnetism was forcibly impressed upon his mind.  His visit to the principal observatories of France, Belgium, England, Germany, Austria and Italy, and the scientific suggestions of prominent continental astronomers–Messrs. DESLANDRES, EVERSHED, MASCART, LOEWY, MOUREAUX, VICENTINI, SCHWARZSCHILD, GRABLOWITZ and LANDERER–culminated in the establishment of an astrophysical observatory at Tortosa, where the principal object is to find out the relation between solar activity and the atmospheric and magnetic variations of our planet….

There is a similar article from Culturcat: Astronomical Observatories (19th-21th century):

The same year 1904, in Roquetes, another centre was inaugurated, the Observatori de l’Ebre, promoted by the religious company Companyia de Jesús. Ricard Cirera Salse (Os de Balaguer, 1864 – Barcelona, 1932) suggested the foundation of the centre. The Col·legi Màxim [headquarters] of the Companyia in the Aragon province was in Tortosa. During the decade of 1860, members of the Companyia linked to this Jesuit province had already created two of them: one in Havana, promoted by Benet Viñas, the other, in Manila, promoted by Frederic Faura. Both of them had links with schools and specialized in cyclone and tornado forecasts, as they are frequent both in the Caribbean and the Philippines. Cirera had been destined to the Manila observatory, where he was responsible for the magnetic section. Back in Catalonia, Cirera proposed the creation of a new facility subsidiary to the Tortosa School, with a view to preparing those members of the Companyia posted to those islands. To be informed on this initial project, Cirera visited the main European observatories. These trips led him to conclude that they needed an observatory to study the Sun-Earth relationships, focused on observation and measurement of the earth magnetic field, which he related with telluric currents and certain atmosphere aspects. Cirera was aided by Lànderer in fine-tuning this aim and, above all, decide its localization. The observatory, initially called Physical-Cosmic observatory (nowadays called geophysics), included fully-equipped meteorological as well as seismic stations. It was inaugurated in 1904, but it did not reach its highest performance until 1905.


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Physics News and Features from Ateneo de Manila University

2 Responses to Fr. Richard Cirera SJ of Manila Observatory and Ebro Observatory: solar activity and terrestrial magnetism

  1. cirera says:

    the name is Ricardo Cirera Salsé

  2. cirera says:

    name is: Ricardo Ciorera De Salsé

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