Job Opening at Manila Observatory: Project Research Assistant for Focal Mechanism Research

Focal mechanisms of an earthquake (source: Wikipedia)

Focal mechanisms of an earthquake (source: Wikipedia)

Company Name: MANILA OBSERVATORY

Company Profile: The Manila Observatory (MO) is a scientific research institution established in 1865, by the Jesuit mission in the Philippines. By then, it was already engaged in pre-disaster science doing atmospheric studies, weather and earthquake observations until it became the official institution for weather forecasting and later,
the Philippine Weather Bureau. At the turn of the 21st century, the Institute finds itself addressing new challenges on the global concern for environment and development. With a continuing focus on pre-disaster science that impacts directly on man’s well being, MO undertakes research in the areas of climate change, urban air quality, and disaster risk reduction and management.

Project Title: FOCAL MECHANISM RESEARCH

Job Position: PROJECT RESEARCH ASSISTANT (PART-TIME)

Job Description:

  • Collection, processing and encoding of data on seismology
  • Analysis of focal mechanism or fault plane solution and seismograms
  • Assist in the integration and packaging of research studies/project reports
  • Networking with appropriate agencies, both public and private

Qualifications:

  • College graduate and /or Graduate students in the fields of Natural
  • Science or Engineering preferably, with physics and math background
  • No required related experience
  • Knowledge of computer programming
  • Proficient with MS Office or similar suites
  • Proficient in oral and written communication skills
  • Good interpersonal skills and a team worker
  • Keen interest in earth sciences

Interested candidates are invited to personally submit a letter of application with resume, transcript of records and recent passport size photograph at the Human Resource Office, Manila Observatory, Ateneo de Manila Campus, Loyola Heights, Quezon City. Or you may also get in touch with us through e-mail address: hr@observatory.ph

For more information about the company, you can visit our website:
www.observatory.ph

Job opening at Manila Observatory: Regional Climate Modeler

Manila Observatory Seal

Manila Observatory Seal

The MANILA OBSERVATORY, a Jesuit institution engaged in scientific

research, invites applicants for the following position:

REGIONAL CLIMATE MODELER
(Project Research Assistant)

Job Description:

The Regional Climate Modeler will do the following tasks:

  • Set up, execute, and debug regional climate models
  • Downscale results from global climate models into higher resolutions and perform statistical validation and uncertainty analyses
  • Perform climate simulations using regional climate models to investigate potential changes in climate and weather extremes in the future.
  • Process and analyze regional climate modeling results, and climate and weather data for climate, extremes, variability and change risk assessment analysis.
  • Participate in activities in the Observatory including MO seminars, exhibits, and others
  • Participate in scientific conferences, generate technical and scientific presentations, posters and reports

Competencies, Skills and Qualifications:

  • College graduate in the fields of natural science or engineering with strong physics and math background
  • Good technical, computational and analytical skills
  • Experience in computer programming (e.g. FORTRAN OR C), code development and modification
  • Familiar with Linux/Unix operating system
  • Good oral and written communication skills
  • Good interpersonal skills and a team worker
  • Keen interest in environment, weather, and climate

Interested candidates are invited to personally submit a letter of application with resume, transcript of records and recent passport size photograph at the Human Resource Office, Manila Observatory, Ateneo de Manila Campus, Loyola Heights, Quezon City. Or you may also get in touch with us through e-mail address: hr@observatory.ph and at telephone nos.426-5921 to 23.

For more information about the company, you can visit our website:
http://www.observatory.ph.

Manila Observatory Main Building. Photo by Ramon F. Velazquez (source: Wikipedia)

Manila Observatory Main Building. Photo by Ramon F. Velazquez (source: Wikipedia)

Not business as usual: Science, community and practitioners conversations on Yolanda’s risks and reconstruction directions in the light of climate change

Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) approaching the Philippines (Nov 3-11, 2013)

Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) approaching the Philippines (Nov 3-11, 2013). Source: Wikipedia: Typhoon Haiyan.

The Manila Observatory, the Department of Sociology and Anthropology of the Ateneo de Manila University, Aksyon Klima, and in partnership with Christian Aid cordially invite you to

NOT Business as Usual:  Science, Community and Practitioners?Conversations  on Yolanda’s Risks and Reconstruction Directions in the Light of Climate Change

28 January 2014, 8:00 am,  5:00 pm, Room 302, 3rd Floor, Faber Hall, Ateneo de Manila University

Disaster risk is a function of the dynamic and complex interactions between hazards, exposure and vulnerability. While bio-geophysical settings are the stage for resilience, those who study and practice disaster management through risk reduction now accept that social forces principally determine it.

The cultural, economic and psychological factors that characterize populations drive exposure and vulnerability and are at the very root of risk.  With the official count at almost 8000 dead and missing (6201 and 1785, respectively), and the magnitude of her physical destruction, Yolanda?s wake has become the metaphor for disaster risk, growing exposure and chronic social vulnerability of coastal cities and small islands.

In developing countries, policy and practice need to disrupt these cycles at the very core of each local environment.

The objective of this round-table is to do precisely that

Speakers:

Antonia Yulo-Loyzaga (Manila Observatory)
Rosa Perez, Ph.D. (Manila Observatory and Asian Development Bank)
Dr. Gemma Narisma, Ph.D. (Manila Observatory and Ateneo de Manila
University)
Fernando Siringan, Ph.D. (University of the Philippines)
Cesar Villanoy, Ph. D. (University of the Philippines)
Emma Porio, Ph.D. (Ateneo de Manila University)
Paulo Alcazaren (PDAA Singapore and Editor-in-Chief, BluPrint Magazine)

Tacloban City after the passage of Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda)

Tacloban City after the passage of Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda). Source: Wikipedia: Typhoon Haiyan.

Manila Observatory Brown Bag lectures for August 1-15, 2013

Manila Observatory Brownbag lunch sessions, Thursdays, 11-12 pm

Manila Observatory Brownbag lunch sessions, Thursdays, 11-12 pm

Good day!

The Manila Observatory would like to invite Ateneo faculty, staff and students to join us for brownbag lunch seminars on Thursdays from 11 am -12 noon at the Klima room (2nd floor) of the Manila Observatory.

This is an opportunity to learn more about the work of our researchers and scientists in an informal session where audience members can actively participate and engage in a discussion with the speaker.

On Thursday, August 1, we will have Ms. Meliza Cruz from the Air Quality Dynamics research program talk about “Monitoring and Source Apportionment for Particulate Matter Pollution in Six Asian Cities“, of which research from our very own scientists at MO contributed to an
Asian assessment of air quality.

You bring your lunch, we’ll serve the science!

Pass on to anyone who might be interested in joining us! Hope to see you soon! For any questions, contact Monica Ortiz, amdortiz@observatory.ph

One hundred years of Jesuit scientists: The Manila Observatory 1865-1965

by Quirino Sugon Jr.

I found an excellent resource paper on the history of Manila Observatory:

John N. Schumacher, “One hundred years of Jesuit scientists: The Manila Observatory 1865-1965,” Philippine Studies vol. 13, no. 2 (1965): 258-286.

From this work we can easily make a timeline for each of the research programs of the Manila Observatory: atmospheric, seismic, magnetic, ionospheric, and solar.

Fr. Richard Cirera SJ of Manila Observatory and Ebro Observatory: solar activity and terrestrial magnetism

Here is an excerpt from the article by Fr. Miguel Selga, SJ, ” The Ebro Observatory,” Astronomical Society of the Pacific Vol. 27, No. 157, p.21-27 (1915):

The founder and present director of the Ebro Observatory is Rev. Richard Cirera, S.J.  While in charge of the magnetic department of the Manila Observatory, Manila, P. I., the advisability of obtaining simultaneous observations of solar activity and terrestrial magnetism was forcibly impressed upon his mind.  His visit to the principal observatories of France, Belgium, England, Germany, Austria and Italy, and the scientific suggestions of prominent continental astronomers–Messrs. DESLANDRES, EVERSHED, MASCART, LOEWY, MOUREAUX, VICENTINI, SCHWARZSCHILD, GRABLOWITZ and LANDERER–culminated in the establishment of an astrophysical observatory at Tortosa, where the principal object is to find out the relation between solar activity and the atmospheric and magnetic variations of our planet….

There is a similar article from Culturcat: Astronomical Observatories (19th-21th century):

The same year 1904, in Roquetes, another centre was inaugurated, the Observatori de l’Ebre, promoted by the religious company Companyia de Jesús. Ricard Cirera Salse (Os de Balaguer, 1864 – Barcelona, 1932) suggested the foundation of the centre. The Col·legi Màxim [headquarters] of the Companyia in the Aragon province was in Tortosa. During the decade of 1860, members of the Companyia linked to this Jesuit province had already created two of them: one in Havana, promoted by Benet Viñas, the other, in Manila, promoted by Frederic Faura. Both of them had links with schools and specialized in cyclone and tornado forecasts, as they are frequent both in the Caribbean and the Philippines. Cirera had been destined to the Manila observatory, where he was responsible for the magnetic section. Back in Catalonia, Cirera proposed the creation of a new facility subsidiary to the Tortosa School, with a view to preparing those members of the Companyia posted to those islands. To be informed on this initial project, Cirera visited the main European observatories. These trips led him to conclude that they needed an observatory to study the Sun-Earth relationships, focused on observation and measurement of the earth magnetic field, which he related with telluric currents and certain atmosphere aspects. Cirera was aided by Lànderer in fine-tuning this aim and, above all, decide its localization. The observatory, initially called Physical-Cosmic observatory (nowadays called geophysics), included fully-equipped meteorological as well as seismic stations. It was inaugurated in 1904, but it did not reach its highest performance until 1905.

JGR 2011: An empirical model of the quiet daily geomagnetic field variation

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 116, A10312, 21 PP., 2011
doi:10.1029/2011JA016487

An empirical model of the quiet daily geomagnetic field variation

Y. Yamazaki

Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University, Hakozaki, Japan

K. Yumoto

Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University, Hakozaki, Japan

Space Environment Research Center, Kyushu University, Hakozaki, Japan

M. G. Cardinal

Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University, Hakozaki, Japan

B. J. Fraser

Centre for Space Physics, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia

P. Hattori

Guam Magnetic Observatory, U.S. Geological Survey, Dededo, Guam

Y. Kakinami

Institute of Space Science, National Central University, Chung-Li, Taiwan

J. Y. Liu

Institute of Space Science, National Central University, Chung-Li, Taiwan

K. J. W. Lynn

Ionospheric Systems Research, Noosaville, Queensland, Australia

R. Marshall

Ionospheric Prediction Service Radio and Space Services, Bureau of Meteorology, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

D. McNamara

Manila Observatory, Quezon, Philippines

T. Nagatsuma

Applied Electromagnetic Research Center, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Tokyo, Japan

V. M. Nikiforov

V. I. Il’ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia

R. E. Otadoy

Department of Physics, University of San Carlos, Cebu City, Philippines

M. Ruhimat

National Institute of Aeronautics and Space, Bandung, Indonesia

B. M. Shevtsov

Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Radio Wave Propagation, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Paratunka, Russia

K. Shiokawa

Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan

S. Abe

Space Environment Research Center, Kyushu University, Hakozaki, Japan

T. Uozumi

Space Environment Research Center, Kyushu University, Hakozaki, Japan

A. Yoshikawa

Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University, Hakozaki, Japan

Space Environment Research Center, Kyushu University, Hakozaki, Japan

An empirical model of the quiet daily geomagnetic field variation has been constructed based on geomagnetic data obtained from 21 stations along the 210 Magnetic Meridian of the Circum-pan Pacific Magnetometer Network (CPMN) from 1996 to 2007. Using the least squares fitting method for geomagnetically quiet days (Kp ≤ 2+), the quiet daily geomagnetic field variation at each station was described as a function of solar activity SA, day of year DOY, lunar age LA, and local time LT. After interpolation in latitude, the model can describe solar-activity dependence and seasonal dependence of solar quiet daily variations (S) and lunar quiet daily variations (L). We performed a spherical harmonic analysis (SHA) on these S and L variations to examine average characteristics of the equivalent external current systems. We found three particularly noteworthy results. First, the total current intensity of the S current system is largely controlled by solar activity while its focus position is not significantly affected by solar activity. Second, we found that seasonal variations of the S current intensity exhibit north-south asymmetry; the current intensity of the northern vortex shows a prominent annual variation while the southern vortex shows a clear semi-annual variation as well as annual variation. Thirdly, we found that the total intensity of the L current system changes depending on solar activity and season; seasonal variations of the L current intensity show an enhancement during the December solstice, independent of the level of solar activity.

Manila Observatory and the Carnegie ocean magnetic survey in 1911-1912: Fr. Jose Algue SJ and Fr. Miguel Saderra-Maso SJ

by Quirino Sugon Jr.

Below is an excerpt of a reprint [Reprinted from Ocean Magnetic Observations, 1905-1916, and Reports on Special Researches. By L. A. Bauer, with W. J. Peters, J. A. Fleming, J. P. Ault, and W. F. G. Swann. Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication 175, vol. 3 (1917). Pages 165-170]

From Batavia the Carnegie sailed on November 21, 1911, bound for Manila by a circuitous route, arranged so as to cover the eastern part of the Indian Ocean. The course followed was south-southwest in the Indian Ocean to south latitude [30.8 degrees] and east longitude [89.4 degrees]; thence it extended to [37.5 degrees] south, in east longitude [95.5 degrees]. From this point a general northeasterly course was followed into the China Sea and the North Pacific. The Carnegie reached Manila, Philippine Islands, on February 2, 1912, having been out 73[1/2] days from Batavia, and having covered a distance of 8,291 miles; the conditions for observations were good.

At the new Manila Magnetic Observatory, situated at Antipolo, intercomparisons of magnetic instruments were made with the standards of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey and with those of the Antipolo Magnetic Observatory. These comparisons were much facilitated through the cordial cooperation of Director Algue of the Manila Observatory and his chief assistant at the Antipolo Observatory, M. Saderra Maso, and the Director of Coast Surveys at Manila, P. A. Welker, at the time. Upon the completion of the land work and of minor repairs in dry dock, the Carnegieleft Manila on March 24, 1912, pursuing a northeasterly course off the Luchu Islands, and thence practically due east to north latitude [30 degrees] and east longitude [166 degrees]. Thence the course was, in general, southward to Suva, Fiji Islands, where the vessel, after having been considerably delayed by head winds, arrived June 7, 75 days out from Manila. The total distance covered from Manila to Suva was 8,158 miles. The track of the Galilee was crossed several times, and thus valuable secular-variation data were obtained. Effective assistance was rendered the Carnegie at Suva by various officials.

Fr. Hennessey, SJ on the ionospheric and magnetic stations of Manila Observatory in 1969

by Quirino Sugon Jr.

I am researching on the history of Manila Observatory’s ionosphere and magnetic research.  I found an article by Fr. Hennessey in Solar Physics, vol. 9, 496-501 (1969).  Some excerpts:

  • (a) Beginning January 1964 the ionosphere station was transferred from Baguio to a location about 2 miles north of the Central Observatory.  This is close enough for rapid data acquisition and remote enough to preven undue radio interference.  The ionosonde currently in use is a modified ESSA C-3 type with a C-4 receiver and transmitter.  Routinely ionograms are obtained continuously every 15 min with additional sweeps near the hour.  Reduction of data follows the procedures of Environmental Science Administration at Boulder, Colo. which sponsors this ionospheric work.
  • (b) Three sudden phase anomaly (SPA) circuits are regularly monitored.  These have proved to have a good corelation with larger flare activity.  The Rugby, Great Britain station transmits at 16 kHz; the station at Maine at 17.8 kHz has its transmission path very nearly across the North Pole; and the Seattle station sends at 18.6 kHz.  A solar flare causing a lowering of the ionosphere produces a phase shift in the received signal. These particular circuits taken together give a fair coverage of the entire globe.  Sudden enhancements of signal strength (SES) are recorded by the same SPA instruments.  Equipment for these observations has been supplied by ESSA at Boulder.
  • (c) Several radio circuits monitor effects of solar activity.  A riometer (on loan from AFCRL) continously receiving cosmic noise at 30 MHz shows the ionospheric absorption.  Sudden Cosmic Noise Absorption (SCNA) is also recorded with 18 MHz radiation.  At a lower frequency of 27 kHz Sudden Enhancements of Atmospherics (SEA) indicate solar effects.  Several short wave fadeout (SWF) circuits are in use for frequencies between 5 and 10 MHz.
  • (d) Changes in the earth’s magnetic field are recorded at three locations and serve as solar activity indicators.  AT the central station a Schonstedt HSM-1 Heliflux Station Magnetometer shows the variation in the Horizontal component of the field.  Both at Baguio (16.41 deg North Latitude and 120.63 deg East Longitude with a magnetic dip of 18 deg North) and at Dava0 (7.09 deg North Latitude and 125.57 deg East Longitude with a magnetic dip of 2 deg South) three components of the field are registered by means of Askania Magnetic Variometers.  QHM instruments at the same place provide absolute values for the H-field.  Since Davao is slightly south of the magnetic dip equator while both Manila and Bguio are well to the north of the equator, the variations are very indicative.  The Davao station has the further advantage of being under the equatorial electrojet.

Manila Observatory’s magnetic data listing for Baguio and Davao stations: 1960-1996

Source: Manila Observatory Archives

MAGNETIC

REPORTS AND OBSERVATIONS
E/F No.: XXXIX MAG S1

MAG S1 001 Manila Observatory [Baguio H-component hourly mean values 1983-1996]
MAG S1 002 Manila Observatory [Davao H-component hourly mean values 1983-1995]
MAG S1 003 Manila Observatory [Range of daily variation Baguio 1960-1992]
MAG S1 004 Manila Observatory [Range of daily variation Davao 1967-1977]